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Butterflies of Africa
Brown-spot Bush Brown
Bicyclus madetes  HEWITSON. 1874
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
Bicyclus madetes, Aburi, Ghana Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
Bicyclus is the most numerous of the Satyrine genera in Africa, comprising of about 85 species, 50 of which occur in West Africa. The butterflies are collectively known as Bush Browns, and can be thought of as the sister genus to the Asian Mycalesis.
Bicyclus are characterised by having a regular series of submarginal ocelli on the hindwings, and a pair of ocelli on the forewings, of which the lower ocellus is always the largest. In most species the ocelli are very prominent, but in a few species such as sweadneri they are vestigial, especially in the dry season morph. Most species have very rounded wings, but again there are a few exceptions such as zinebi which has a squarish apex on its forewings, and sambulos which has a stumpy "tail" on the hindwings.
Bicyclus madetes is found from Guinea and Sierra Leone to the Congo.
Habitats
This species inhabits lush grassy areas within forest habitats, and can be found along logging roads and trails in the damper parts of the forest. It tolerates habitat degradation well.
Lifecycle
The larval foodplants are grasses, of which several species are probably used.
Adult behaviour

The butterflies are usually seen in modest numbers, sitting on grass blades or on low herbage.

 

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