Butterflies of Africa
Maessen's Ignoble Bush
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
male, Atewa Hills, Ghana
Bicyclus is the most numerous of the
Satyrine genera in Africa, comprising of about 85 species, 50 of
which occur in West Africa. The butterflies are collectively known
as Bush Browns, and can be thought of as the sister genus to the
Bicyclus are characterised by having a
regular series of submarginal ocelli on the hindwings, and a pair of
ocelli on the forewings, of which the lower ocellus is always the
largest. In most species the ocelli are very prominent, but in a few
species such as sweadneri they are
vestigial, especially in the dry season morph. Most species have
very rounded wings, but again there are a few exceptions such as
zinebi which has a squarish apex on its
forewings, and sambulos which has a
stumpy "tail" on the hindwings.
is found from Cote d'Ivoire to Togo. In the Volta region of Ghana it
is sympatric with ignobilis, which has
different apical markings, and lacks the small conjoined spot in
space 3 on the hindwing.
This species is found in closed canopy primary and secondary forest,
usually on hillsides.
The larval foodplants are
grasses, of which many species are probably used.
butterflies are found in sunspots where dappled sunlight filters
through the canopy to ground level.