Home

 

 
Butterflies of Africa
Dark Vulgar Bush Brown
Bicyclus sandace  HEWITSON. 1877
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
Bicyclus sandace, Bobiri forest, Ghana Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
Bicyclus is the most numerous of the Satyrine genera in Africa, comprising of about 85 species, 50 of which occur in West Africa. The butterflies are collectively known as Bush Browns, and can be thought of as the sister genus to the Asian Mycalesis.
Bicyclus are characterised by having a regular series of submarginal ocelli on the hindwings, and a pair of ocelli on the forewings, of which the lower ocellus is always the largest. In most species the ocelli are very prominent, but in a few species such as sweadneri they are vestigial, especially in the dry season morph. Most species have very rounded wings, but again there are a few exceptions such as zinebi which has a squarish apex on its forewings, and sambulos which has a stumpy "tail" on the hindwings.
Bicyclus sandace is found from Senegal to Ethiopia, and south to Angola and Kenya.
Habitats
This is a forest edge species found along logging roads and in clearings. It is an adaptable species however and also colonises farmland, riverbanks, parks, gardens, acacia scrub, coastal dunes and many other habitats.
Lifecycle
The larval foodplants are grasses, of which many species are probably used.
Adult behaviour

The butterflies fly in full sunshine all through the day, and rarely settle unless the weather is cool or overcast. Males regularly dip down into the grasses in search of females.

Bicyclus sandace, Bobiri forest, Ghana Adrian Hoskins

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host