Butterflies of Africa
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - CHARAXINAE
Tribe - CHARAXINI
Bobiri forest, Ghana
© Adrian Hoskins
The Charaxinae are a group of robust, medium to
large Nymphalids characterised by having a rapid and powerful
flight, stout bodies,
falcate apexes, and a habit of feeding at dung and carrion.
They are represented in the neotropics by
genera including Consul,
and Agrias; in the Oriental and
Australian regions by Polyura and
Charaxes, and in Africa by
179 Charaxes species
in the Afrotropical region, one of which -
jasius, extends its range as far north as the Mediterranean
coast of Europe. Most are forest-dwellers but several are adapted to
savannah and arid Acacia thorn scrub
Charaxes species are black on the
upperside, with bands of either white, orange or blue. The bands in
some species are very broad, while in others they are narrow and
broken into a series of small spots. Many
Charaxes species have a pair of thin tails at the tornus of
across the forested tropics of Africa
from Senegal to Mozambique, Uganda, Kenya and Zambia.
species is found commonly in all types of forested habitat.
The larval foodplants
Julbernardia and other Fabaceae. Also
Syzygium ( Myrtaceae ) and
Oxytenanthera ( Poaceae ).
sexes spend most of their time in the canopy but males are
occasionally attracted to rotting fruit or urine-soaked ground.