Butterflies of Africa
Western Evening Brown
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - MELANITINI
Amedzofe, Likpe Hills, Ghana / Togo border
© Adrian Hoskins
Gnophodes comprises of 3 known species
: G. betsimena and
chelys are both widely distributed
across the forested regions of sub-Saharan Africa, with
chelys having a more western
distribution, being found from Sierra Leone to western Kenya.
species grogani is restricted to
Uganda, Congo and Rwanda.
The butterflies (
together with the allied genus Melanitis
) are commonly known as Evening Browns due to their preference for
flying after dark.
Gnophodes chelys is a forest butterfly
but it can be found in degraded forest and plantations, and more
rarely in parks and gardens.
The larval foodplant is the foxtail grass
butterflies are normally encountered singly, typically after being
disturbed from their resting places in the forest undergrowth. They
fly mainly at dusk and are sometimes attracted into houses by
artificial lighting. They can occasionally be seen flying in daylight
if conditions are overcast.