Butterflies of West
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - CHARAXINAE
Tribe - PALLINI
Palla ussheri, Bobiri, Ghana
© Peter Bygate
The Charaxinae are a group of robust, medium to
large Nymphalids characterised by having a rapid and powerful
flight, stout bodies, falcate apexes, and a habit of feeding at dung
and carrion. They are represented in the neotropics by genera
Memphis, Prepona and
Agrias; in the Oriental and Australian
regions by Polyura and
Charaxes, and in Africa by
Euxanthe and Palla.
There are 4
Palla species, all Afrotropical in distribution, i.e.
decius, publius and
All are similarly marked with a suffused white transverse band on a
blackish-brown ground colour and are flushed with orange on the
tailed hindwings. On the underside the outer half of the wings is
finely striated, and there is a series of submarginal ocelli, the
largest of which is in space 1b.
Palla ussheri is
distributed throughout the African forest block from
Sierra Leone to Gabon, Congo,
Uganda and western Tanzania.
Palla ussheri is found in glades and along logging roads in
primary and secondary rainforests.
The eggs are goblet-shaped, and are laid singly on the leaves of
Dichopetalum ( Dichopetalaceae ),
( Convolvulaceae ) and Toddalia (
Males perch in a head-downwards posture,
with the wings held slightly apart, on the foliage of trees in glades
and along forest roads, generally at a height of about 3m above ground