Butterflies of Africa
Family - PAPILIONIDAE
Tribe - PAPILIONINI
© Adrian Hoskins
are about 90 recorded species of Papilionidae in Africa, of which 60
are placed in Papilio - a huge genus
comprising of 210 species worldwide.
In Africa there are several
species similar to
Males of gallienus,
cyproeofila, cynorta and
plagiatus all have black uppersides
with white bands, and undersides with reddish basal patches.
Only cyproeofila and
gallienus have white marginal spots.
The hindwings of gallienus are deeper
and more angular than those of cyproeofila.
Papilio cyproeofila is distributed from
Sierra Leone to Congo and Angola.
This is a
rainforest butterfly, but can be found in severely degraded forests,
and penetrates riparian forest in savannah / woodland habitats.
The larval foodplant is Piper (
Males can sometimes be
found at damp patches on logging roads or forest paths, but both sexes
are more commonly seen in flight, hovering around the flowers of tall
plants including Eupatorium and
Lantana. At dusk the butterflies go to
roost in trees, settling on the upperside of leaves.
male, roosting at dusk,
Bunso, Ghana ©