Moths of the Amazon
Blue-green Wasp Mimic
Antichloris eriphia, Satipo, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
There are about 6000 known species of Arctiinae in the neotropical
region. Most are noxious to birds and have aposematic or diematic
warning coloration. The tribe Ctenuchini is entirely confined to the
Americas. It is comprised of 2 subtribes Ctenuchina and Euchromiina
which together account for a total of 2532 known species, of which
2496 are wholly neotropical in distribution. The remaining 36
species are partly or wholly North American in distribution. Almost
all of the genera within these two subtribes consist entirely of
species that mimic wasps or bees.
Antichloris contains about 30 species characterised by having
black wings and bodies that reflect a bluish or greenish sheen.
Identification can be difficult because there are many very similar
species in other genera including Timalus,
Poliopastea, Psoloptera and
Macrocneme. It is possible to narrow
down the search by paying close attention to the wing shape and
venation, and to the markings on the head, thorax and abdomen. In
Antichloris eriphia the thoracic
markings are very distinctive, and there are 2 red spots behind the
head - although these can only be seen when the moth extends its
head forward when feeding.
Antichloris eriphia is found in Ecuador
To be completed.
The furry white caterpillars of this and other
Antichloris species feed on Musaceae,
and are pests of banana crops.
species is active in hot sunshine but also visits artificial lighting
in late evening.