Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRGINAE
Tribe - PYRGINI
Madre de Dios, 400m, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
Pyrginae, popularly known as Flats or Spreadwings, are a
cosmopolitan subfamily distributed across temperate and tropical
habitats throughout the world. In the Americas there are 990
About 580 species are placed within the tribe
The genera Bolla and
Staphylus include a combined total of
82 small dark species with an obscure pattern of lighter markings.
Most members of both genera have a series of between 1 and 6 small
white subapical spots on the forewings, and many are peppered with
grey or yellowish scales. It is difficult to distinguish between the
genera, let alone to identify the species, but the 30
Bolla species tend to be larger, the
shape of their hindwings is less wavy, and their heads and palpi are
Bolla atahuallpai (
Atahualpa, last Emperor of the Inca ) is distributed from
Panama to Bolivia and Argentina.
This species occurs in a wide range of forest habitats at altitudes
between about 200-1400m.
To be completed.
are usually encountered singly, and normally seen basking with wings
outspread on low foliage.