Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
Tribe - RIODININI
Calospila emylius, Satipo, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
comprises of 35 species, all neotropical in distribution. Many
Calospila species seem to have little
in common superficially, other than the fact that they are small
colourful insects, and sexually dimorphic.
The male of
emylius is bright orange-red, with
thick black borders, and blackish maculations in the discal cell.
The female, as with several other Calospila
species, is paler, and heavily marked in the basal area.
is the most widespread member of the genus, being found in the
foothills of the eastern Andes from Colombia and Venezuela to
Bolivia, and throughout the Amazon basin.
This species is found in primary and degraded forest, at elevations
between about 0-1200m.
Male and female both habitually
rest underneath leaves, or less commonly on top, with their wings
almost fully outspread, and their abdomens raised at an angle of about
20 degrees. They are rarely seen flying in open sunlight, much
preferring the dappled light of the forest interior.