Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - EUPTYCHIINA
Satipo, Peru ©
There are 1100 known species of Satyrinae in the neotropical region.
About 400 of these are placed in the Euptychiina. Butterflies within
this tribe include the "ringlet" genera
Magneuptychia, Harjesia etc;
together with Oressinoma and the
various "wood nymph" genera i.e. Parataygetis,
Taygetis. Most are inhabitants of the forest understorey and
tend to fly close to the ground. They generally avoid sunlight and
prefer to fly at dawn or on cloudy days when light levels and
temperatures are low.
recently almost all of the "ringlets" were placed in the genus
but revisions by Forster and Lamas divide this "convenience" genus
into a number of smaller genera, on the basis of anatomical
differences and larval foodplants.
The 15 Cissia
species are smaller than most other members of the Euptychiina. They
are generally a dull plain earthy brown colour on the upperside. On
the underside they are pale brown with broad dark brown bands and a
creamy outer band. The hindwings have 2 large black ocelli within
each of which is a pair of silvery highlights.
Cissia myncea is
known from Venezuela, Surinam, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.
This species is found in lowland and mid-elevation forest at
altitudes between about 200-1000m.
I have no data specific to myncea. The
lifecycle is likely to be similar to that of other
Cissia species, all of which produce
round eggs with vertical striations. The butterflies oviposit either
on or near the foodplants, which according to species may be either
grasses ( Poaceae ), palms ( Arecaceae ), or arrowroots (
Marantaceae ). The larvae, unlike those of most other Satyrines,
have only 4 instars. When fully grown they are brownish in colour
with numerous thin darker and paler lines along the back and sides.
The body tapers noticeably towards the head and tail. The latter has
a pair of short caudal prongs. Like most other Satyrine larvae they
are crepuscular or nocturnal feeders, and hide at the base of plants
during the daytime. The pupa according to species may be pale green,
brown or blackish, mottled or peppered with darker markings. It
hangs by the cremaster from a stem or leaf of the foodplant.
with other Cissia species,
myncea is solitary in behaviour. It flies
in cloudy or sunny conditions, and is usually encountered at light
gaps or in small glades within the forest.