Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Weymer's Ringlet
Cissia proba  WEYMER, 1911
subfamily - SATYRINAE
subtribe - EUPTYCHIINA
Cissia proba, Rio Shima, Peru Adrian Hoskins
There are 1100 known species of Satyrinae in the neotropical region. About 400 of these are placed in the Euptychiina. Butterflies within this tribe include the "ringlet" genera Euptychia, Magneuptychia, Harjesia, Cissia, Caeruleuptychia, Magneuptychia, Harjesia etc; together with Oressinoma and the various "wood nymph" genera i.e. Parataygetis, Posttaygetis and Taygetis. Most are inhabitants of the forest understorey and tend to fly close to the ground. They generally avoid sunlight and prefer to fly at dawn or on cloudy days when light levels and temperatures are low.
Until fairly recently almost all of the "ringlets" were placed in the genus Euptychia, but revisions by Forster and Lamas divide this "convenience" genus into a number of smaller genera, on the basis of anatomical differences and larval foodplants.
The 15 Cissia species are smaller than most other members of the Euptychiina. They are generally a dull plain earthy brown colour on the upperside. On the underside they are pale brown with broad dark brown bands and a creamy outer band. The hindwings have 2 large black ocelli within each of which is a pair of silvery highlights.
Cissia proba is known from Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. It probably also occurs in Rondonia, Brazil.
This species is found in primary rainforest at altitudes between about 200-1000m.
I have no information specific to proba. The lifecycle is probably very similar to that of other Cissia species, all of which produce round eggs with vertical striations. The eggs are laid either on or near the foodplants, which according to species may be either grasses ( Poaceae ), palms ( Arecaceae ), or arrowroots ( Marantaceae ). The larvae unlike those of most other Satyrines only have 4 instars. When fully grown they are brownish in colour with numerous thin darker and paler lines along the back and sides. The body tapers noticeably towards the head and tail. The latter has a pair of short caudal prongs. Like most other Satyrine larvae they are crepuscular or nocturnal feeders, and hide at the base of plants during the daytime. The pupa according to species may be pale green, brown or blackish, mottled or peppered with darker markings. It hangs by the cremaster from a stem or leaf of the foodplant.
Adult behaviour

As with other Cissia species, proba is solitary in behaviour. It flies in cloudy or sunny conditions, usually deep deep within the forest.



Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution



Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles


Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia


Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books



Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images






All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host