Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
Tribe - RIODININI
© Adrian Hoskins
neotropical Riodinidae includes a group of genera, namely
characterised by having orange borders containing a series of black
dots, and bordered either side by metallic silver lines. Males in
this group have a blackish or very dark brown ground colour, while
the females are generally a lighter shade of brown. In most species
both sexes have a distinctive pattern of dark spots that shows on
both wing surfaces, although in a few species the upperside ground
colour is so dark that the spots are undetectable.
Distinguishing the species is often difficult, and even determining
the genus can pose problems, as several species have been
transferred from one genus into another as more has been learnt
about their biology. By way of example, two Colombian species named
Charis matic and
Charis ma by Harvey & Hall in 2002 have since been
transferred to the less flatteringly named genus
Detritivora. The latter genus name
refers to the fact that the larvae feed on detritus ( decaying leaf
matter ) on the forest floor.
Detritivora cleonus is one of a group of several extremely
similar species which can only reliably be distinguished by
genitalia dissection or DNA analysis. Its precise distribution is
therefore unknown, but probably covers a range from Venezuela to
This species is
usually found basking on low foliage at light gaps in primary
rainforest. It occurs at altitudes between about 200-1400m.
To be completed.