Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Elis Emperor
Doxocopa elis  FELDER & FELDER, 1861
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - APATURINAE
Doxocopa elis, male, Catarata Bayoz, Le Merced, Peru Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The genus Doxocopa comprises of 15 species found variously from Mexico to Bolivia and Paraguay. The butterflies are closely related to the Apatura Purple Emperors of Europe and temperate Asia, and have similar habits.
Males of this medium sized insect reflect a purple sheen from the upperside wings, but this tends to be of a less intense hue than in most other Doxocopa species, and is only visible when the sunlight reflects at particular angles from the surface of the wings. Females lack the iridescence, and have broader orange bands on the forewings.
Doxocopa elis is found on the eastern slopes of the Andes, from Colombia to Bolivia.
Habitats
The butterfly breeds in rainforest habitats at altitudes from 0-800m.
Lifecycle
The caterpillar feeds on Celtis species ( Ulmaceae ). When fully grown it is green, strongly tapered towards the anal segment, and has a pair of forward-projecting horns on its head.
The pupa is probably similar to that of other Apaturines, which are typically flattened laterally, arched dorsally, and superbly camouflaged as living or dead foliage.
Adult behaviour

Males are scarcer than agathina, cyane and pavon, but can sometimes be seen basking on bare ground, where they settle to imbibe mineralised moisture. They extract sodium and other minerals from the moisture, chemically convert it, and pass it to females during copulation.

Females do not imbibe minerals. They are not known to visit flowers. It is possible that they obtain their sustenance entirely from chemicals passed to them via the spermatophore by males. They may however also obtain nutrients from aphid secretions on tree foliage, or from sap oozing from damaged tree trunks.

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host