Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - EUBAGINI
subtribe - EUBAGINA
arene, Rio Madre
de Dios, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
Biblidinae are known for their diverse but simple and colourful
patterns. In the neotropics their representatives include the
within which are placed the 40
have bluish or greenish uppersides, and white undersides
attractively marked with narrow brown bands, and in some species
with conspicuous ocelli and small patches of metallic blue scales.
diversity of species is found in the Amazon basin, but the
distribution of the genus ranges from Mexico to Bolivia.
occurs in Ecuador,
Brazil, Peru and Bolivia.
arene, Rio Madre
de Dios, Peru ©
This species is found in primary and disturbed rainforest at
altitudes between about 200-1000m.
The eggs of most
species are white. They are laid singly on the leaf axils or flower
buds of Euphorbiaceae genera such as
larvae are described by DeVries as being slug-like, with tiny
rosettes of spines on the back. The pupae are greenish, elongate,
with a slightly bifid head and a pronounced dorsal keel, and
suspended by the cremaster from stems or leaves.
are only active in hot sunny conditions, when they can be seen flying
rapidly in zig-zag fashion along sunny tracks in the mornings. During
the afternoon males visit dry river beds, well vegetated rocky river
beaches and damp ground along sunlit forest tracks and roads to imbibe
sexes also bask on low foliage, with wings half open. They rarely
spread the wings flat - the photographs depicting outspread wings on
this page were taken as the butterfly constantly fanned its wings
while walking about on a riverbed.