Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - EUBAGINI
subtribe - EUBAGINA
© Adrian Hoskins
Biblidinae are known for their diverse but simple and colourful
patterns. In the neotropics their representatives include the
within which are placed the 40
artemisia has a reflective bluish-green upperside, with a
blackish apex and wing borders. The underside is also typical of the
genus, i.e. white, marked with narrow bands of orange. In common
with several other species there is also a pair of blue-centred
ocelli within the outer orange band on the underside hindwings.
artemisia is a
common species found throughout most tropical and subtropical areas
of South America from Colombia to Bolivia.
This species is found in a wide variety of habitats including
primary rainforest and humid deciduous woodland at altitudes between
sea level and about 1000m.
The eggs of most
species are white. They are laid singly on the leaf axils or flower
buds of Euphorbiaceae genera such as
larvae are described by DeVries as being slug-like, with tiny
rosettes of spines on the back. The pupae are greenish, elongate,
with a slightly bifid head and a pronounced dorsal keel, and
suspended by the cremaster from stems or leaves.
are very active in hot sunny conditions, when they can be seen flying
rapidly in zig-zag fashion, investigating along forest tracks. In the
cooler temperatures of early morning they can often be found basking
on foliage, usually with their wings held half-open.
Males visit dry
river beds, and damp ground along sunlit forest tracks and roads. They
habitually flick their wings open while moving about in a fairly
erratic fashion as they probe for minerals on the ground.