Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - EUBAGINI
subtribe - EUBAGINA
Madre de Dios, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
Biblidinae are known for their diverse but simple and colourful
patterns. In the neotropics their representatives include the
within which are placed the 40
Dynamine species have metallic bluish
or greenish uppersides. The apex is usually blackish, and marked
with white spots. The undersides are white, and in most species are
marked with a series of orange or reddish-brown. Many species
including gisella also have conspicuous
ocelli and small patches of metallic blue scales.
diversity of species is found in the Amazon basin, but the
distribution of the genus ranges from Mexico to Bolivia.
occurs from Colombia to
Pindayo, Peru ©
This species is found in primary rainforest at altitudes between
about 200-800 metres.
The eggs of most
species are white. They are laid singly on the leaf axils or flower
buds of Euphorbiaceae genera such as
larvae are described by DeVries as being slug-like, with tiny
rosettes of spines on the back. The pupae are greenish, elongate,
with a slightly bifid head and a pronounced dorsal keel, and
suspended by the cremaster from stems or leaves.
Pindayo, Peru ©
are only active in hot sunny conditions, when they can be seen flying
rapidly in zig-zag fashion along sunny tracks in the mornings. During
the afternoon the males visit dry river beds, well vegetated rocky
river beaches and damp ground along sunlit forest tracks and roads to
sexes also bask on low foliage, with wings half open. They rarely
spread the wings flat, but tend to constantly fan their wings while
walking about on the ground.