Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - EUBAGINI
subtribe - EUBAGINA
© Adrian Hoskins
Biblidinae are known for their diverse but simple and colourful
patterns. In the neotropics their representatives include the
subtribe Eubagina, within which are placed the 40
Dynamine species have metallic bluish
or greenish uppersides, with a dark apex, and a series of white
spots. Some species however are white, with black markings. The
undersides of most species are white, attractively marked with
narrow bands of orange - and in some species also with conspicuous
ocelli and small patches of metallic blue scales.
diversity of species is found in the Amazon basin, but the
distribution of the genus ranges from Mexico to Bolivia.
is one of the most
widespread species, being found from Nicaragua to Peru.
This species is found in forested areas at altitudes between sea
level and about 1000 m.
The eggs of most
species are white. They are laid singly on the leaf axils or flower
buds of Euphorbiaceae genera such as
larvae are described by DeVries as being slug-like, with tiny
rosettes of spines on the back. The pupae are greenish, elongate,
with a slightly bifid head and a pronounced dorsal keel, and
suspended by the cremaster from stems or leaves.
are only active in hot sunny conditions, when they can be seen flying
rapidly in zig-zag fashion along sunny tracks in the mornings. During
the afternoon males visit dry river beds, well vegetated rocky river
beaches, roadside ditches and damp ground along sunlit forest tracks.
The wings are
normally held erect when feeding, but they periodically flick them
open and shut as they flit about from spot to spot on the ground,
probing for mineral-rich moisture.
cooler conditions both sexes also bask on low foliage, with wings half