Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - MORPHINAE
Tribe - BRASSOLINI
subtribe - BRASSOLINA
Rio Cristalino, Brazil
© Adrian Hoskins
The Morphinae comprises
of about 140-150 neotropical species, of which 93 are included
within the tribe Brassolini. Of these 73 are placed in the
Brassolina - a subtribe
including the genera Brassolis,
Opsiphanes, Orobrassolis and Selenophanes.
All Brassolines are crepuscular or nocturnal in behaviour, although
a few species also fly by day in the darkest areas of the forest.
Eryphanis comprises of 7 known species
variously distributed from Mexico to Bolivia and Paraguay. Some such
as aesacus and
bubocula closely resemble Caligo
species, but the majority are similar to
automedon, having angular hindwings with relatively small
Eryphanis automedon is distributed from Nicaragua and
Guatemala to Bolivia and Brazil.
This species is found in rainforest and humid deciduous forest, at
elevations between sea level and about 500m.
Eryphanis rest among dead leaves or low
down on tree trunks. They are normally only seen at dawn when they
visit rotting fruit on the forest floor.