Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - LYCAENIDAE
subfamily - THECLINAE
Tribe - EUMAEINI
Tingo Maria, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
Almost all neotropical Theclinae species are placed in the Eumaeini.
The tribe is not particularly well represented in collections, so
until fairly recently a high percentage remained unstudied, and were
inappropriately filed away in the 'convenience' genus
Thecla. Many taxonomists have attempted
to rationalise the systematics of the Eumaeini, the most recent
being Robbins who published a revision in 2004, reclassifying the
taxa into 83 genera. Currently there are 1058 known species. Taking
into account their small size, secretive behaviour, and the great
similarities between many species, it is estimated that about
another 200 species probably remain to be discovered.
assigned 9 species to the genus Gargina,
panchaea and another as yet un-named
taxon. It is likely that further species will be discovered in the
Males of Gargina are a dark earthy
brown on the upperside, with an iridescent blue-violet suffusion on
the basal half of the wings. In gnosia
this iridescence is confined to the hindwings. Males are also
distinguished by the presence of a prominent oval patch of
androconial scales toward the end of the discal cell of the
forewings. Females are plain earthy brown above.
is the most widely distributed member of the genus. It can be found
from Mexico to Argentina.
This species is found in rainforest at altitudes between about
To be completed.
sexes almost certainly spend the major part of their lives in the
forest canopy. Males however occasionally descend to imbibe
mineralised moisture from the surface of rocks and boulders along the
edges of streams.