Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - BIBLIDINI
subtribe - CALLICORINA
Haematera pyrame, Satipo, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
Haematera, previously known as
Callidula, is closely allied to
Perisama and Orophila. It
comprises of a single species pyrame.
The upperside of the male is
blackish, with the basal area of fore and hind wings a deep rosy
pink colour. The forewings of the female are similar to those of the
male, but the hindwings are entirely dark brown. In examples of both
sexes from Colombia and Venezuela the pink colour is replaced by a
more orange hue.
Haematera pyrame is distributed from
Nicaragua to Argentina, and has
6 recognised subspecies.
is found in disturbed habitats within humid deciduous forest,
rainforest and cloudforest, usually at altitudes between about
grown caterpillar is pale green, peppered with tiny white warts.
It's head bears a pair of large forward-projecting rosetted spines.
The foodplant is Urvillea ulmacea (
are often seen mud-puddling on sunny river-beaches, dirt roads and
wide forest trails. They are usually seen singly, but in some years
there are major population explosions, and at such times large
aggregations can be found at seepages and along dry river beds. They
are very active in hot sunshine, flitting constantly from spot to
spot, but when they eventually settle - usually somewhere rich in
mineralised moisture - they may remain for several minutes.