Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
Tribe - NYMPHIDIINI
subtribe - NYMPHIDIINA
Shima, Satipo, Peru ©
are 10 members of the genus
distributed variously from Nicaragua to Guyana and south across
Amazonia to Peru and Bolivia.
Menander hebrus is
found from Surinam to Bolivia.
This species is found in rainforest habitats at altitudes between
The pale green eggs are globular and covered with a network of
raised pentagons. They are laid singly on the stems or shoots of
Sourubea and Norantea (
Marcgraviaceae ) either in the canopy or on young saplings. The
larvae have a tough trilobite-like carapace which presumably affords
them some protection from the aggressive
Camponotus and Crematogaster
ants that are invariably in attendance.
adults have a rapid erratic flight. They are usually encountered as
solitary males, perching on foliage with wings outspread, in areas of
dappled sunlight along forest trails. They sometimes use the same
perching place for several days at a time. Females tend to be active
mainly during the early part of the afternoon. Both sexes nectar at
Lantana and Cordia.
The adults live for about a month and are found throughout the year.