Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - LYCAENIDAE
subfamily - THECLINAE
Tribe - EUMAEINI
elongata, Ecuador ©
Almost all neotropical Theclinae species are placed in the Eumaeini.
The tribe is not particularly well represented in collections, so
until fairly recently a high percentage remained unstudied, and were
inappropriately filed away in the 'convenience' genus
Thecla. Many taxonomists have attempted
to rationalise the systematics of the Eumaeini, the most recent
being Robbins who published a revision in 2004, reclassifying the
taxa into 83 genera. Currently there are 1058 known species. Taking
into account their small size, secretive behaviour, and the great
similarities between many species, it is estimated that about
another 200 species probably remain to be discovered.
There are 16 Ocaria species. Most have
a strong blue iridescence on the upperside, although this is
restricted to the hindwings in some species, and is virtually absent
in thales. The undersides vary a lot -
aholiba for example has a brown ground
colour with a pattern of thin white 'hairstreak' stripes, while the
underside of clenchi has purple sheen
and is marked with a single jagged reddish-brown stripe. The
majority of species however have blackish undersides mottled with
grey and white. Most species have rounded hindwings that have a pair
of filamentous tails, one longer than the other, but
elongata these tails are absent, and
the wings are elongated.
is known from Brazil and Ecuador.
This species is found in rainforest at altitudes between about
200-900m. It is often seen in disturbed areas including forest-edge
habitats, glades and clearings.
To be completed.
butterflies are usually encountered as singletons, with males often
found imbibing moisture from boulders, patches of damp soil, peccary
wallows or cattle dung.