Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - LYCAENIDAE
subfamily - THECLINAE
Tribe - EUMAEINI
Almost all neotropical Theclinae species are placed in the Eumaeini.
The tribe is not particularly well represented in collections, so
until fairly recently a high percentage remained unstudied, and were
inappropriately filed away in the 'convenience' genus
Thecla. Many taxonomists have attempted
to rationalise the systematics of the Eumaeini, the most recent
being Robbins who published a revision in 2004, reclassifying the
taxa into 83 genera. Currently there are 1058 known species. Taking
into account their small size, secretive behaviour, and the great
similarities between many species, it is estimated that about
another 200 species probably remain to be discovered.
There are 16 Ocaria species. Males of
most species have a large patch of metallic blue or turquoise scales
over the basal area of fore and hind wings. This is particularly
evident in cinerea,
clepsydra, but in thales the
blue is restricted largely to the hindwing margins. The females of
all Ocaria species are dull earthy
brown on the upperside, with the blue scaling greatly reduced - or
in the case of thales, absent.
The undersides vary somewhat - aholiba
for example has a brown ground colour with a pattern of thin white
'hairstreak' stripes, while the underside of
clenchi has purple sheen and is marked with a single jagged
reddish-brown stripe. In most species however the undersides are
blackish, mottled with grey and white. The hindwings of most species
have a pair of filamentous tails, one longer than the other.
is common and widespread, being found across most of the upper
Amazonian region including Venezuela, Surinam, Ecuador, Peru,
Bolivia and Brazil.
This species is found in rainforest at altitudes between about
200-900m. It tends to be seen most often in glades and light gaps in
To be completed.
butterflies are usually encountered as singletons, seen imbibing
honey-dew ( aphid secretions )
the foliage of trees and bushes.
Onolulu, Tingo Maria, Peru ©