Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Hübner's Owlet
Opsiphanes invirae  HÜBNER, 1808
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - MORPHINAE
Tribe - BRASSOLINI
subtribe - BRASSOLINA
Opsiphanes invirae agasthenes, Satipo, Peru © Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The Morphinae comprises of about 140-150 neotropical species, of which 93 are included within the tribe Brassolini. Of these 73 are placed in the Brassolina - a subtribe including the genera Brassolis, Blepolenis, Caligo, Caligopsis, Catoblepia, Dasyophthalma, Dynastor, Mielkella, Eryphanis, Penetes, Mimoblepia, Opoptera, Opsiphanes, Orobrassolis and Selenophanes. All Brassolines are crepuscular or nocturnal in behaviour, although a few species also fly by day in the darkest areas of the forest.
The genus Opsiphanes comprises of 11 species distributed variously from Mexico to Paraguay and Argentina. The butterflies are characterised by having a stout thorax and abdomen, large eyes and sturdy antennae. The costa is strongly curved, and the forewing termen is slightly concave. In all species the upperside wings are dark brown in colour with a diagonal orange or yellowish band on the forewings. The undersides are an earthy brown hue. There are dark striations on the outer half of the wings, and heavy marbling at the base. On the hindwings there is a prominent ocellus within which there is a white crescent, and there is a smaller almost circular ocellus near the tornus.
Opsiphanes invirae occurs in central America from Honduras to Panama. In South America it occurs east of the Andes from Colombia to Paraguay. There are 13 named subspecies.
Opsiphanes invirae agasthenes, Satipo, Peru © Adrian Hoskins
Habitats
This species is found in primary and secondary rainforest, at altitudes up to about 1000m.
Lifecycle
The egg is globular, and is laid singly, typically on the stems or dead leaf blades of the foodplants, which include Cocos eriospatha, Livistona australia, L.rotundifolia and Arecastrum romanzoffianum, ( Arecaceae ). The caterpillar feeds nocturnally. When fully grown it is yellow-green with dark green and reddish lateral and dorsal lines. The head is dark green and has 4 short backward projecting reddish horns. The larvae are parasitised by the Braconid wasp Apanteles biezankoi. The chrysalis is light green, marked with gold spots on the sides.
Opsiphanes invirae sticheli, Tatama NP, Colombia © Adrian Hoskins
Adult behaviour

Opsiphanes fly mainly at dusk and dawn. They are usually encountered in two's and three's in the company of Eryphanis, Selenophanes, Narope, Prepona and Memphis species, feeding at rotting fruit on the forest floor. They also feed at decomposing fruit in the canopy, and occasionally at peccary dung or urine.

Opsiphanes invirae agasthenes, Satipo, Peru © Adrian Hoskins

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host