Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - MORPHINAE
Tribe - BRASSOLINI
subtribe - BRASSOLINA
Opsiphanes quiteria cauca, Tatama NP,
The Morphinae comprises of about 140-150 neotropical species, of
which 93 are included within the tribe Brassolini. Of these 73 are
placed in the Brassolina - a subtribe including the genera
Opsiphanes, Orobrassolis and Selenophanes.
All Brassolines are crepuscular or nocturnal in behaviour, although
a few species also fly by day in the darkest areas of the forest.
The genus Opsiphanes comprises of 11
species distributed variously from Mexico to Paraguay and Argentina.
The butterflies are characterised by having a stout thorax and
abdomen, large eyes and sturdy antennae. The costa is strongly
curved, and the forewing termen is slightly concave. In all species
the upperside wings are dark brown in colour with a diagonal orange
or yellowish band on the forewings. The undersides are an earthy
brown hue. There are dark striations on the outer half of the wings,
and heavy marbling at the base. On the hindwings there is a
prominent ocellus within which there is a white crescent, and there
is a smaller almost circular ocellus near the tornus.
Opsiphanes quiteria is distributed from
Mexico to Brazil. There are 13 named subspecies.
This species is found in rainforest and cloudforest, at elevations
up to about 1800m.
To be completed.
Opsiphanes fly mainly at dusk and dawn.
They are usually encountered in two's and three's in the company of
Prepona and Memphis
species, feeding at rotting fruit on the forest floor. They also feed
at decomposing fruit in the canopy, and occasionally at peccary dung