Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - EUPTYCHIINA
Pareuptychia metaleuca, Medellin, Colombia ©
There are 1100 known species of Satyrinae in the neotropical region.
About 400 of these are placed in the Euptychiina. Butterflies within
this tribe include the 'ringlet' genera
Magneuptychia, Harjesia etc;
together with Oressinoma and the
various 'wood nymph' genera i.e. Parataygetis,
Taygetis. Most are inhabitants of the forest understorey and
tend to fly close to the ground. They generally avoid sunlight and
prefer to fly at dawn or on cloudy days when light levels and
temperatures are low.
There are 8
known species in the genus Pareuptychia.
The butterflies are larger than most other ringlets, and are
characterised by having white wings marked with broad dark brown
Pareuptychia metaleuca is a common
species found from Mexico to Peru.
This species inhabits disturbed areas in cloudforest at elevations
between about 800-1500m.
The egg is globular, black, and laid singly on or near the grass
Eleusine. The larva is solitary and
feeds nocturnally. When fully grown it is green, with a pair of
short caudal prongs. It has a green head which bears a pair of short
red horns. The chrysalis is smooth, pale green in colour, and is
suspended by the cremaster from a stem or stout leaf.
butterflies are solitary in behaviour, but usually several can be
found within the same vicinity. They fly in cloudy or sunny
conditions, and can be found deep within the forest, or in open areas
such as forest edges or along sunlit forest tracks. In common with
other neotropical ringlets they feed as adults at decomposing fungi
and rotting fruit.