Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
SALVIN & GODMAN, 1868
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - CHARAXINAE
Tribe - ANAEINI
Polygrapha tyrianthina, Satipo, Peru ©
tribe Anaeini comprises of 87 neotropical species in the genera
The butterflies are characterised by having a very rapid and strong
flight. They have stout bodies, falcate wings, and on the upper
surface are generally black, marked with bands of orange, bright
red, or lustrous blue according to species. The undersides of all
species in the Anaeini are cryptically patterned and bear a strong
resemblance to the dead leaves, tree bark or boulders on which they
There are 4 species in the genus
xenocrates. All have cryptic undersides which
camouflage them effectively when they are at rest on tree trunks or
on the ground among leaf litter. Males of
tyrianthina are dark brown with a broad swathe of orange
running across the forewings parallel with the costa, and narrow
orange margins on the hindwings.
is found in Peru and Bolivia.
This species occurs in rainforest at elevations between about
To be completed.
The adults spend most of their
lives in the upper canopy. Males however can be attracted to rotting
fruit or carrion on the forest floor. The wings are always kept
tightly closed when the butterflies are feeding. If disturbed they fly
up onto nearby understorey foliage.