Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - EPIPHILINI
subtribe - EPIPHILINA
Pyrrhogyra amphiro, Satipo, Peru ©
Pyrrhogyra includes 6 known species,
all marked on the underside with large white areas enclosed within
rings that are formed from narrow red lines. An unusual and notable
feature is that the butterflies also have red eyes.
Pyrrhogyra species are very similar in
appearance. They can be distinguished from one another by carefully
examining the markings around the underside hindwing margins and by
comparing the size and shape of the greenish-white areas on the dark
butterflies are exclusively neotropical, some species being found as
far north as Mexico, and others as far south as Bolivia and
Paraguay, but the state of Amazonas in Brazil probably has the
highest diversity of species.
is found in southern Brazil, Peru and Paraguay.
This species breeds in primary rainforest at altitudes between about
I have no information regarding amphiro
but in common with other Pyrrhogyra
species it is likely that the eggs will be laid singly on
Serjania ( Sapindaceae ).
Males are usually encountered
singly or sometimes in two's or three's when
imbibing moisture from urine-soaked sand, damp rocks or wet foliage.
These feeding sites are usually within the forest, at light gaps or on
wide trails, although the butterflies will also visit open sandbanks.
are seen less frequently, usually when basking on low foliage between
egg-laying sessions, or when visiting flowers.
disturbed the butterflies fly off rapidly, and hide upside-down
beneath leaves on bushes or young saplings, usually no more than a
metre from the ground. They also go to roost in similar situations
overnight or in dull or wet weather.