Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
© Wolfgang Kaehler
There are 6
known species in the genus
distributed variously from Panama to Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador and
species are marked with orange, black and white but the patterns
differ greatly from species to species. Some such as
have markings similar to those of 'tiger complex' Ithomiines while
others have been likened to tiger moths ( Pericopinae ). Ithomiines
and tiger moths are both known to be noxious and unpalateable to
birds, and it has been suggested that calliope
and magdalenae are palatable Batesian
mimics. In the absence of supporting evidence it would of course be
unwise to assume that such similarity proves the existence of
Two of the other
lineata, are transparent except for bright orange bands on
the outer part of the wings, and veins that are heavily outlined in
black. The 2 remaining species euterpe
and phlegia have black wings patterned
with white or semi-transparent spots, and conspicuous orange
is known from Venezuela, Surinam
and Brazil, but probably also occurs in Guyana and Ecuador.
There are 5 named subspecies.
This species is found in rainforest at altitudes
up to about 500m.
lifecycle appears to be unknown.
usually encountered as solitary males, perching on or under foliage
with their wings