Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - EUPTYCHIINA
Taygetomorpha puritana puritana, Pantiacolla, Rio Alto Madre
de Dios, Peru ©
There are 1100 known species of Satyrinae in the neotropical region.
About 400 of these are placed in the Euptychiina. Butterflies within
this tribe include the 'ringlet' genera
Magneuptychia, Harjesia etc;
together with Oressinoma and the
various 'wood nymph' genera i.e. Parataygetis,
Taygetis. Most are inhabitants of the forest understorey and
tend to fly close to the ground. They generally avoid sunlight and
prefer to fly at dawn or on cloudy days when light levels and
temperatures are low.
There are 3 Taygetomorpha
species - celia,
puritana, and an un-named Ecuadorian species recently
discovered by Miller. In common with members of the closely related
genus Taygetis the butterflies exhibit
seasonal dimorphism - both forms of puritana
are similarly marked, but the dry season form is a warmer shade of
is found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
This species breeds in lowland rainforest at altitudes between about
To be completed.
fly in the forest understorey in the early mornings, between about
0800-0900hrs. At other times they usually hides away amongst the
rootlets of palms or amongst leaf litter around the base of trees. The
adults fly only very short distances, rarely more than 2-3 metres at a
time, and always less than 1 metre above ground level.