Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Telemiades epicalus HÜBNER,
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRGINAE
Tribe - PYRGINI
Telemiades epicalus, Satipo, Peru ©
Pyrginae, popularly known as Flats or Spreadwings, are a
cosmopolitan subfamily distributed across temperate and tropical
habitats throughout the world. In the Americas there are 990
species, of which about
580 are assigned to the tribe Pyrgini.
Telemiades comprises of 16 species, all
with the same general wing shape, but otherwise quite variable in
appearance. Some such as fides and
antiope for example have a cluster of
large hyaline windows in the median area of the forewings, in
addition to the normal group of 2 or 3 spots found near the apex.
Some however e.g. delalande, have no
hyaline areas at all. Most members of the genus have a fairly
unicolorous earthy brown or fuscous ground colour, and with suffused
dark bands or spots. Three species -
gallius, entrites and chrysorrhoea,
have broad, conspicuous yellow margins to the hindwings.
Telemiades epicalus is found from
Panama to Brazil and Peru.
This species occurs in tropical forest at altitudes between about
is usually encountered singly when basking on foliage on narrow forest