Moths of the Amazon
Family - SATURNIIDAE
Velo de la Novia,
© Adrian Hoskins
The subfamily Ceratocampinae includes the genera
Adeloneivaia. The moths in these
genera all have cryptic wing patterns that disguise them as dead
There are 19 known
Adeloneivaia species, all confined to
the neotropical region. They were formerly included in the genus
Syssphinx. The latter is now reserved
for those species that occur in Central and North America, whereas
all Adeloneivaia species are South
Adeloneivaia boisduvalii is found in
Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil.
This species is found in the upper Amazonian region and foothills of
the eastern Andes at elevations between about 400-800m.
I have no data on
boisduvalii but the larvae of related
species are bright green with red and yellow lateral stripes, and
are mottled with mother-of-pearl markings. They have 4 long
horn-like tubercles on the thorax, and are popularly known as
"horned devils". The
foodplants are trees and shrubs in the family Fabaceae. The pupae
are hairy and are formed underground without cocoons.
During the daytime
the adults rest on the ground, or suspended from twigs, and adopt a
posture as depicted in the photograph above.