Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Latreille's Altinote
Altinote stratonice  LATREILLE, 1813
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - ACRAEINAE
Tribe - ACRAEINI
Altinote stratonice, Tatama NP, Colombia Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The tribe Acraeini is primarily African - there are for example 83 species in Kenya, and about 230 in the whole African continent. There are also a few species in Asia, and an estimated 55 in the whole of the neotropical region.
In the neotropics the tribe is represented by 3 genera, most members of which have a pattern of red or orange-yellow bands on the forewings. The genus Actinote comprises of thinly scaled species whose wings have a translucent and shiny appearance. The other 2 genera Abananote and Altinote, are heavily scaled and boldly marked.
Altinote have velvety black wings, banded with bright red, orange or yellow. They are toxic models which form part of a complex Batesian / Mullerian mimicry ring involving Heliconius, Gnathotriche, Eresia, Castalia and various Ithomiine genera. Altinote characteristics which in combination make it possible to distinguish them from other genera include short straight antennae with flattened clubs, and closed cells on the hindwings. The latter can most easily be seen from the underside.
There are 17 known Altinote species, most of which are confined to the cloudforests of the Andes, although the range of 2 species extends north into Mexico.
Altinote stratonice occurs as 7 named subspecies distributed variously from Mexico to Ecuador. The species is most prolific in Colombia where 4 different subspecies occur.

Altinote stratonice, Tatama NP, Colombia Adrian Hoskins

Habitats
This species occurs in cloudforest habitats at altitudes between about 800-2200m.
Lifecycle
I have no information specific to stratonice, but the following generalisations are applicable to the genus Altinote : The eggs are yellowish and barrel-shaped. They are laid in batches of between 50-100 on leaves of the foodplants which according to species include Eupatorium, Vernonia, Mikania
( Asteraceae ), Boehmeria and Mikania ( Urticaceae). The caterpillars are typically dull greenish or brownish in colour. They are adorned on the back and sides with rows of short branched blackish spikes which in some species have mildly urticating properties. They live gregariously until the final instar. The pupae are whitish or pale yellow, marked with black spots or lines on the wing-pads and short black spikes on the abdomen. They are suspended from stems or foliage.
Altinote stratonice, Tatama NP, Colombia Adrian Hoskins
Adult behaviour

Males can be found imbibing mineralised moisture from unsurfaced roads, and from river beaches. They are usually seen either singly or in low numbers amidst mixed species aggregations.

Altinote stratonice aerata, Ecuador Tony Hoare

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host