Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Stichel's Doctor
Ancyluris melior  STICHEL, 1910
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
Tribe - RIODININI
Ancyluris melior, Shima, Peru  Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The genus Ancyluris comprises of 16 beautiful tailed Riodinids, all confined to the neotropical region. They are closely related to the genus Rhetus, so much so that the females of Ancyluris aristodorus and Rhetus periander are almost indistinguishable, at least from the uppersides.
Most Ancyluris species have black uppersides marked with red bands which tend to be paler in the females. The configuration of the bands on the hindwings is the primary diagnostic for distinguishing between the various species. In melior the black ground colour often has a purplish sheen. Two species, formosissima and aristodorus are marked with broad white bands instead of the usual red. One species inca, has a flush of metallic blue on the upperside hindwings. Most species are bright metallic blue on the underside, marked in some species with patches of red. Males of all Ancyluris species have a blue iridescence on the underside of the wings.
Ancyluris melior is probably confined to Peru, and to Amazonas state, Brazil.
Habitats
This is a mid-elevation rainforest species found at altitudes between about 400-1000m.
Lifecycle
I have no data regarding melior but the lifecycle is likely to be similar to that of other Ancyluris species as follows: The eggs are white and highly sculptured. They are laid singly in fissures on the stems or twigs of the foodplants. Egg-laying females tend to settle high up, then walk backwards down the stem, probing with the ovipositor in various places before depositing each egg. The larval foodplants are trees in the families Melastomaceae and Euphorbiaceae. The larvae are gregarious, living in small groups of mixed instars. They are reported to be cannibalistic.
Adult behaviour

This is an uncommon species, but males can sometimes be found imbibing moisture from damp soil or from the edges of puddles or streams. They are nearly always encountered singly, and tend to avoid the heat of midday, preferring the cooler conditions of early morning or late afternoon.

Ancyluris melior, Satipo, Peru Peter Bruce-Jones

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host