Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
Corades enyo almo, Medellin, Colombia ©
There are 1100 known species of Satyrinae in the neotropical region.
About 570 of these are placed in the subtribe Pronophilina - a
diverse group of high altitude cloudforest butterflies, all of which
are confined to the neotropical region. The vast majority are found
only in the Andes, but 4 species are known from the Atlantic
cloudforests of Brazil, and there are a further 6 species that are
endemic to Guatemala, Costa Rica or Mexico. More oddly there is one
genus Calisto that is found exclusively
on the Caribbean islands of Cuba and Hispaniola.
genus Corades comprises of 23 described
species, all denizens of the neotropical cloudforests.
butterflies are easily recognisable by their large size and very
distinctively shaped hindwings. The pattern on the underside
hindwings varies according to species. Many such as
and medeba are a unicolorous brown,
peppered and striated with grey and black, while others including
and chirone are beautifully marbled or
banded with cream. C. enyo is easily
recognised by the pattern of 3 white spots at the forewing apex.
Corades enyo occurs from Colombia to
almo, Medellin, Colombia ©
This species inhabits cloudforests at elevations between about
The lifecycle appears to be unrecorded. The following
generalisations are applicable to the subtribe Pronophilina and are
probably applicable to Corades: The
eggs are round, white or pale greenish white, and laid singly on the
foodplants or on surrounding vegetation. The larvae are typically
pale brown, marked along the back and sides with narrow dark
stripes, and tapering towards each end. The head is large in
proportion to the body and has two short forward-pointing horns. The
tip of the abdomen is equipped with a pair of caudal prongs which
are used to flick the frass away from the feeding area. The larvae
of all known Pronophilina feed on Chusquea
- a genus of bamboo which grows in thickets, mainly along the
courses of streams.
butterflies are encountered singly, usually observed at rest on
foliage at a height of about 2-3 metres above ground level.
Corades enyo, Machu Picchu, Peru ©