Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Glycera Longwing
Dione glycera  FELDER & FELDER, 1861
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - HELICONIINAE
Tribe - HELICONIINI
Dione glycera, Bosque She'llot, Peru  Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The Heliconiinae was until a few years ago recently considered to be a full family equal in rank to the Nymphalidae, Satyridae, Papilionidae etc. In 1958 Erlich proposed that the families containing butterflies with only two pairs of legs should all be classified as subfamilies within the Nymphalidae. This proposition was again advanced by Ackery in 1984 and has since become accepted by most biologists. Thus we now have the Libytheinae, Satyrinae, Nymphalinae, Limenitidinae, Charaxinae, Apaturinae, Morphinae, Biblidinae, Ithomiinae, Danainae and Heliconiinae.
The higher classification of the Heliconiinae was revised by Penz & Peggie in 2003, being subdivided into the Acraeini, Argynnini and Heliconiini. The latter are colloquially known as Longwings and are characterised by their simple patterns, elongated forewings and delicate fluttering flight.
The Heliconiini includes the genus Heliconius ( 39 spp ), and the smaller genera Dryas, Dryadula, Eueides, Neruda, Laparus, Philaethria, Podotricha, Agraulis and Dione. The latter genus contains 3 species - glycera, juno and moneta - all with orange uppersides and silver-spangled undersides.
Dione glycera is distributed from Colombia to Venezuela, and south along the Andes to Peru.
Habitats
This species is found in cloudforests, and in scrubby areas above the tree-line, at altitudes between about 1600-3500m.
Lifecycle
The larvae feed on Passiflora ( Passifloraceae ).
Dione glycera, Bosque She'llot, Peru  Adrian Hoskins
Adult behaviour

The butterfly is usually encountered singly, but males can sometimes be seen congregating in two's or three's at the edges of roadside ditches or small mountain streams. There they sometimes stay for 2 or 3 hours, imbibing large quantities of clear water from which they extract minerals that are passed to females via spermatophores during copulation.

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host