Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - EPICALIINI
subtribe - EPIPHILINA
Epiphile lampethusa, male, Huanuco, Peru ©
The Biblidinae are recognised by their diverse
but simple and colourful patterns. In the neotropics their
representatives include the
tribe Epiphilina, which includes the genera
Bolboneura and Epiphile.
There are 16
Epiphile species, distributed variously
from Mexico to Bolivia.
They all have a pattern of bright orange bands on a dark brown
ground colour. Most species have 2 or 3 narrow bands, but in
lampethusa these merge into a single
broad swathe of orange extending across the basal half of the
forewings. In males of most species the dark areas are overlaid with
a strong blue iridescence although in
lampethusa this is barely discernable. The underside
hindwings of all species are lightly marbled in brown and grey, with
a series of post-median ocelli, and a very distinctive cream 'tooth'
mark on the costa.
is confined to Peru and Bolivia.
This species is found on the eastern slope of the Andes, at
altitudes between about 400-1500m.
To be completed.
butterflies spend most of the day high in the canopy, but males
occasionally descend to imbibe mineralised moisture from the edges of
shallow streams. They never fully outspread their wings but often hold
them at an angle of 45°, or fan them rapidly as they walk over the wet