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Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Apuleja Mountain Satyr
Eretris apuleja FELDER & FELDER, 1867
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - PRONOPHILINA
Eretris apuleja, Medellin, Colombia Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
All 562 species in the subtribe Pronophilina are high altitude cloudforest species, and all are confined to the neotropics. The vast majority are found in the Andes mountains, but there are 4 known from the Atlantic cloudforests of Brazil, and 6 that are endemic to Guatemala, Costa Rica or Mexico. More oddly there is one genus Calisto that is restricted to the Caribbean islands of Cuba and Hispaniola.
There are 32 known species in the genus Eretris, distributed variously from Mexico to Bolivia. This figure includes 15 species that have only recently been discovered and have not yet been assigned scientific names. Unlike Manerebia the hindwings of Eretris have wavy margins. The undersides of Eretris are traversed by a series of wavy dark-edged reddish-brown lines, and have well developed submarginal ocelli on the hindwings.
Eretris apuleja occurs in Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and northern Peru. There are 12 subspecies, but it seems likely that some of these may ultimately prove to be worthy of specific status.
Habitats
This is a high altitude cloudforest species, occurring at elevations between about 1400-2000m.
Lifecycle
To be completed.
Adult behaviour

Males often imbibe moisture from damp ground, and also visit dung and carrion.

 

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