Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Apuleja Mountain Satyr
FELDER & FELDER, 1867
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
Eretris apuleja, Medellin, Colombia
All 562 species in the subtribe Pronophilina are high altitude
cloudforest species, and all are confined to the neotropics. The
vast majority are found in the Andes mountains, but there are 4
known from the Atlantic cloudforests of Brazil, and 6 that are
endemic to Guatemala, Costa Rica or Mexico. More oddly there is one
genus Calisto that is restricted to the
Caribbean islands of Cuba and Hispaniola.
There are 32 known species in the genus
Eretris, distributed variously from Mexico to Bolivia. This
figure includes 15 species that have only recently been discovered
and have not yet been assigned scientific names. Unlike
Manerebia the hindwings of
Eretris have wavy margins. The
undersides of Eretris are traversed by
a series of wavy dark-edged reddish-brown lines, and have well
developed submarginal ocelli on the hindwings.
Eretris apuleja occurs in Costa Rica,
Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and northern Peru. There are 12
subspecies, but it seems likely that some of these may ultimately
prove to be worthy of specific status.
This is a high altitude cloudforest species, occurring at elevations
between about 1400-2000m.
To be completed.
Males often imbibe moisture from damp ground, and also visit dung and