Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Tom's Mountain Satyr
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
Tatama NP, Colombia
© Adrian Hoskins
All 562 species in the subtribe Pronophilina are high altitude
cloudforest species, and all are confined to the neotropics. The
vast majority are found in the Andes mountains, but there are 4
known from the Atlantic cloudforests of Brazil, and 6 that are
endemic to Guatemala, Costa Rica or Mexico. More oddly there is one
genus Calisto that is restricted to the
Caribbean islands of Cuba and Hispaniola.
There are 32 known
species in the genus Eretris,
distributed variously from Mexico to Bolivia. This figure includes
15 species that have only recently been discovered and have not yet
been assigned scientific names. Unlike
Manerebia the hindwings of Eretris
have wavy margins. The undersides of Eretris
are traversed by a series of wavy dark-edged reddish-brown lines,
and have well developed submarginal ocelli on the hindwings.
Eretris depresissima is endemic to
This is a high altitude cloudforest species, occurring at elevations
between about 1200-2000m.
To be completed.
Males visit damp ground to imbibe mineralised moisture.