Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Oculata Mountain Satyr
FELDER & FELDER, 1867
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
NP, Colombia ©
All 562 species in the subtribe Pronophilina are high altitude
cloudforest species, and all are confined to the neotropics. The
vast majority are found in the Andes mountains, but there are 4
known from the Atlantic cloudforests of Brazil, and 6 that are
endemic to Guatemala, Costa Rica or Mexico. More oddly there is one
genus Calisto that is restricted to the
Caribbean islands of Cuba and Hispaniola.
There are 32 known
species in the genus Eretris,
distributed variously from Mexico to Bolivia. This figure includes
15 species that have only recently been discovered and have not yet
been assigned scientific names. Unlike
Manerebia the hindwings of Eretris
have wavy margins. The undersides of Eretris
are traversed by a series of wavy dark-edged reddish-brown lines,
and have well developed submarginal ocelli on the hindwings.
Eretris oculata is endemic to Colombia.
This is a cloudforest species, occurring at elevations between about
To be completed.
Males visit damp ground to imbibe mineralised moisture.