Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - LYCAENIDAE
subfamily - THECLINAE
Tribe - EUMAEINI
Sante Fe de
Antioquoia, Colombia ©
Almost all neotropical Theclinae species are placed in the Eumaeini.
The tribe is not particularly well represented in collections, so
until fairly recently a high percentage remained unstudied, and were
inappropriately filed away in the 'convenience' genus
Thecla. Many taxonomists have attempted
to rationalise the systematics of the Eumaeini, the most recent
being Robbins who published a revision in 2004, reclassifying the
taxa into 83 genera. Currently there are 1058 known species. Taking
into account their small size, secretive behaviour, and the great
similarities between many species, it is estimated that about
another 200 species probably remain to be discovered.
Currently there are 33 known species of Erora,
of which 13 have only very recently been described to science, and
have not yet been allocated a species name. There is no doubt that
more await to be discovered. All have metallic green undersides, and
bear a filamentous tail on each hindwing, but the underside markings
vary considerably from species to species. The Mexican species
quaderna for example is pale emerald
green with numerous prominent orange crescents and chevrons on the
hindwings, whereas gabina,
opisena and carla
all have bright apple green undersides with broken 'hairstreak'
lines, and black-pupilled red spots at the tornus.
Erora subflorens is distributed from
Mexico to Colombia and Venezuela.
This species is found in tropical and subtropical forests, and is
usually observed in disturbed areas where it can be found on bushes
or other low vegetation.
To be completed.
perch on stones or low foliage. They have a rapid acrobatic flight
that is almost impossible to follow with the eye.