Moths of the Amazon
Superfamily - NOCTUOIDEA
Family - EREBIDAE
subfamily - CALPINAE
, Satipo, Peru ©
Noctuoidea is split into 6 families i.e. Erebidae, Noctuidae,
Notodontidae, Euteliidae, Nolidae and Oenosandridae. The Erebidae
comprises of 18 subfamilies of which 9 are represented in the
neotropical region: Arctiinae, Calpinae, Erebinae, Lymantriinae,
Rivulinae, Anobinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Eulepidotinae.
Most moths in the subfamily Calpinae have proboscises that are
modified to enable them to pierce and feed on fruit. They are
divided into 3 tribes - Phyllodini, Ophiderini and Calpini,
totalling about 400 known species worldwide.
The genus Eulepidotis
is placed in the Catocalinae by some taxonomists, and in the
Ophiderinae or Calpinae by others. To add further confusion, while
most agree that these are all subfamilies of the Noctuidae, recent
taxonomic research has suggested that they should be removed from
that family and placed in the newly erected family Erebidae.
There are 85
Eulepidotis species, almost all of
which are neotropical in distribution, although at least one species
merricki is found as far north as
Eulepidotis ilyrias is found in
Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador and Peru.
This species is found in cloudforest at altitudes between about
To be completed.