Moths of the Amazon
Superfamily - NOCTUOIDEA
Family - NOCTUIDAE
Rio Madre de Dios, Peru ©
Noctuoidea is split into 6 families i.e. Erebidae, Noctuidae,
Notodontidae, Euteliidae, Nolidae and Oenosandridae. The Erebidae
comprises of 18 subfamilies of which 9 are represented in the
neotropical region: Arctiinae, Calpinae, Erebinae, Lymantriinae,
Rivulinae, Anobinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Eulepidotinae.
includes an estimated 1000 species, most of which are unstudied, so
much remains to be learned about their taxonomy and biology.
There are 19 known
Helia species, distributed from the
southern USA to Argentina. They are all dark brown moths with a
broad muscular thorax. Their forewings have a whitish or
semi-hyaline crescent at the end of the discal cell, and a
distinctive pale area stretching from the basal area towards the
costa. Additionally they have a well defined broad post median band
on both wings.
Helia subjugua is distributed from
Costa Rica to Peru.
inhabits tropical and subtropical forests at elevations between
To be completed.
The adults are nocturnal and probably
rest among leaf litter in the undergrowth during the daytime.