Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - EUPTYCHIINA
Hermeuptychia harmonia, Otun-Quimbaya, Colombia ©
There are about 400 known
species in the subtribe Euptychiina, which includes all the
neotropical 'ringlet' butterflies. Until fairly recently almost all
were placed in the genus Euptychia,
but revisions by Forster ( 1964 ) and Lamas ( 2004 ) divide this
'convenience' genus into a number of smaller genera, including
Chloreuptychia and Euptychioides.
ringlets are notoriously difficult to identify.
The ground colour, wingspan, width of the median bands, and size of
ocelli vary within each species according to sex, habitat, location,
altitude and seasonal climatic conditions.
is appropriate here to quote the words of d'Abrera, who when
referring to the hundreds of specimens depicted in his "Butterflies
of the Neotropical region"
states "I cannot tell with certainty whether the taxa figured are
species, races, or infrasubspecific forms".
is found from Colombia to Peru.
inhabits open grassy areas in cloudforest at elevations between
Hermeuptychia harmonia, Tatama NP, Colombia, Colombia ©
lifecycles of related species would seem to indicate that it
probably lays its eggs singly on the foodplant, which is likely to
be a member of the Poaceae or Marantaceae. The larvae are likely to
be brown, with fine longitudinal lines along the back and sides, and
with a pair of caudal prongs.
butterflies are usually encountered in three's and four's in well
forested areas, mud-puddling on sand or bare soil in roadside ditches
or runnels. They also occur along wide sunlit forest paths, open
riverbanks, and other grassy areas.
If disturbed they flutter
quickly, but settle within a few metres, usually on grasses or low