Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
LAMAS, WILLMOTT &
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - NYMPHALINI
Hypanartia cinderella, Manu cloudforest, 2000m, Peru ©
Nymphalinae includes many of the most well known and beautiful
Palaearctic butterflies such as the Red Admiral
Vanessa atalanta, Painted Lady
Vanessa cardui, Camberwell Beauty
Nymphalis antiopa, Comma
Polygonia c-album, and Peacock
Inachis io. Among the neotropical
representatives are Colobura,
There are 14
Hypanartia species, all of which occur
primarily in the subtropical climes of the Andean cloudforests and
the Cordilleras of Central America.
is found in Ecuador and Peru.
Hypanartia cinderella, Manu cloudforest, 1700m, Peru ©
This is butterfly of the higher cloudforest regions, found at
altitudes between about 1000-2100m.
The eggs are white. They are laid singly on the leaves of the
Pilea ( Urticaceae ).
The larva is
black and lustrous. It's back is adorned with branched black spikes
on the thoracic and tail segments, and white spikes on the middle
segments. It lives solitarily within a tent of leaves, spun together
with silk. It periodically emerges from the tent to feed. The
chrysalis is formed within the larval tent, and is greyish, marked
on the thorax with silver spots.
habitually visit runnels and seepages along roadsides, and the wet
rocky edges of mountain streams. They flit nervously from spot to spot
until they find a patch of ground rich in dissolved minerals, where
they drink, while periodically fanning their wings. After a few
moments they usually close the wings, but will bask with wings
outspread if mist or cloud obscures the sunlight.