Moths of the Amazon
Family - SPHINGIDAE
are 4 species in the genus
distributed variously from Florida to Bolivia. The genus is
closely allied to
The 3 genera are characterised by the presence of a keel at the tip
of the abdomen. All species in these genera also have a silver
mark in the discal cell of the forewings. In
this is triangular, whereas in
it forms a long streak, and in
it is shaped like a tobacco pipe.
found from Mexico to Bolivia and southern Brazil.
This species occurs in primary and secondary rainforest at altitudes
between sea level and about 1200m.
The caterpillar is similar in appearance to that of a Geometrid,
with reduced prolegs and enlarged flattened anal claspers. When
young it has a long thin horn at the tail end, which reduces to a
stubby cone by the final instar. It rest with it's body arched.
The pupa is
deep glossy brown and has orange markings on the abdomen.
Rio Madre de Dios, 400m, Peru ©
disruptive pattern of the wings enables the moth to blend perfectly
amongst the twigs and leaf litter where it rests during daylight
hours. It flies from dusk to midnight or thereabouts, and comes
readily to tungsten, fluorescent or mercury vapour lighting.