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Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Common Oressinoma
Oressinoma typhla   DOUBLEDAY, 1849
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - EUPTYCHIINA
Oressinoma typhla, Tatama NP, Colombia  Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The genus Oressinoma is classified, perhaps wrongly ( as the venation has unique characteristics ) under the same subtribe as the Euptychiine ringlets and Taygetis deadleafs. As well as differences in venation, the wing shape and lack of ocelli point to the need for taxonomic revision.
The two species are typhla, illustrated above, which is found from Costa Rica to Bolivia, and sorata which is found only in southern Peru and Bolivia and differs in having the white zone on the wings narrower, more clearly delineated and more rectangular in profile.

Oressinoma typhla, Tatama NP, Colombia  Adrian Hoskins

Habitats
Oressinoma typhla breeds in pre-montane rainforest and cloudforest habitats on both sides of the Andes at elevations of between about 1200-2400 metres. In Costa Rica it breeds at lower altitudes, between about 700-1700 metres. The butterfly is localised in distribution, occurring near streams, or in association with swampy areas where the larval foodplants grow.
Oressinoma typhla boliviana, Tatama NP, Colombia  Adrian Hoskins
Lifecycle
The eggs are pale shining green, spherical, and laid singly on the foodplant. The fully grown larvae are green, with a rough texture, with dark green longitudinal lines along the back and sides. They feed nocturnally on Cyperus ( Cyperaceae ).
Adult behaviour

The butterflies are usually encountered singly, or in two's and three's. They are active only in cloudy weather or weak hazy sunlight. Males perch on sedges or ferns, often for long periods, but remain alert at all times. If disturbed they dart up rapidly, but then lazily descend to resettle on foliage a short distance away. Both sexes feed at rotting fruit and decomposing fungi.

Courtship takes place in late morning. The perching male flies up to intercept a passing female, hovering above her ( probably while disseminating pheromones ) until she settles. At this point the pair face each-other, and the male leans forward to press his antennae against hers, while vibrating his wings. If receptive, the female allows him to manoeuvre alongside her to copulate.

Oressinoma typhla boliviana, Tatama NP, Colombia  Adrian Hoskins

 

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