Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Parepa Mountain Satyr
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
northern Peru ©
There are 1100 known species of Satyrinae in the neotropical region.
About 570 of these are placed in the
subtribe Pronophilina - a diverse group of high altitude cloudforest
butterflies, all of which are confined to the neotropical region.
The vast majority are found only in the Andes, but 4 species are
known from the Atlantic cloudforests of Brazil, and there are a
further 6 species that are endemic to Guatemala, Costa Rica or
Mexico. More oddly there is one genus Calisto
that is found exclusively on the Caribbean islands of Cuba and
The genus Parapedaliodes
contains a single species parepa, which
is restricted to Ecuador and Peru.
As with other
this is a butterfly of the high Andes, found in stunted cloudforest,
and transitional cloudforest / puna or paramo grassland habitats. It
can occasionally be found as low as 2000m but is most frequently
encountered between about 2600-2800m.
I have no data specific to parepa. The
lifecycle however is likely to be similar to that of the related
genus Pedaliodes, as follows: The eggs
are white and globular with minute vertical striations. They are
laid singly or in pairs on the undersides of
Chusquea ( bamboo ) leaves. The larvae when small are pale
green with whitish longitudinal stripes along the back and sides.
The head is brown with two bumps. Final instar larvae are straw
coloured, with a series of pale and darker longitudinal stripes. The
pupa is straw coloured, lightly mottled or flecked with brown, and
suspended from stems.
In common with
Pedaliodes and most other Pronophilines,
parepa is not a particularly
active insect. It spends long periods sitting on the ground with its
wings closed, taking advantage of the reflected warmth to raise its