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Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Turquoise Perisama
Perisama comnena  HEWITSON, 1868
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - CALLICORINI
subtribe - CALLICORINA

Perisama comnena comnena male, Manu cloudforest, 1700m, Peru  Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The Biblidinae are recognised by their diverse but simple and colourful patterns. In the neotropics their representatives include the Callicorina - a subtribe of small-medium sized butterflies, marked on the uppersides with bands of metallic blue or green. The Callicorina includes the genus Diaethria, instantly recognised by the 88 or 89 markings on the undersides, and Perisama, which are similar on the uppersides, but have plain undersides marked only with dots and wavy lines.
The genus Perisama comprises 32 known species. They are medium-sized butterflies with blackish uppersides, marked with diagonal bands of turquoise or green on the forewings. Many species also have a band of the same colour around the hindwing margins. Perisama species are found mostly in the Andean cloudforests at altitudes between 1200-2400m, but there is also a species endemic to Costa Rica, and another endemic to Mexico.
Perisama comnena is found in the eastern Andes from Colombia to Bolivia.

Perisama comnena comnena male, Manu cloudforest, 1700m, Peru  Adrian Hoskins
Habitats
This species is found on the eastern slope of the Andes, at altitudes between about 1300-2000m.
Lifecycle
The lifecycle of this and all other Perisama species appears to be unknown.

Perisama comnena comnena male, Manu cloudforest, 1700m, Peru  Adrian Hoskins
Adult behaviour

Like other Perisama species, the butterflies spend the early mornings and late afternoons settled high in the trees, but become very active in mid-morning, dashing back and forth between the tree tops and the surface of the ground.

This species is normally seen singly, almost always in the company of other Perisama species, visiting damp ground close to human habitations. The butterfly is very active in hot sunshine, flitting rapidly back and forth just above the surface of the ground, before eventually settling to feed.

In cloudy weather the butterflies are loathe to leave these feeding places, and will bask for long periods on the ground, awaiting the return of sunshine.

 

 

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